The Control Data Corporation
1957 founded by ex-ERA
employees in Minneapolis, Minnesota
1958 Seymour Cray joins CDC
1959 CDC 1604 first shipment. This a 48-bit machine close to the von
Neumann proposal, with added index registers. Related to the ERA 1103A.
1959 CDC 160 first shipment. This is a 12-bit computer, the first
minicomputer. Strong influence on DEC PDP early models as well as all
further minicomuters. Used either stand-alone or as frontend to the 1604.
1962 CDC 3000 family, not done by Seymour Cray (who is working on the
6600 together with Thornton and a design crew totaling 34, at Chippewa
Falls). Upward compatible to 1604, with added functionality, speed, and
6600 first shipment. Speed is 50 times the 1604, depending upon
application somewhere around 1 MFLOPS, 60 bit words. Marks the starting
point of Seymour Cray machines dominance in high performance scientific
computation. Introduces larger working store (set of registers), peripheral
processors (closely related to the 160) for I/O, very high bandwidth central
memory (32 banks at 1000 nsec cycle supporting a CPU at 100 nsec cycle).
set with 15-bit and 30-bit formats.
A single instruction (exchange jump) saves and restores the full working
1965 CDC 6000 family. Comaptible slower and cheaper processors, dual
processors, extended core storage (2MW)
7600 first shipment, 4-5 times the speed of the 6600, largely
compatible. The Cyber 960-31 operated by cray-cyber.org is of about 1/2 the
performance of this machine, and software compatible to the 6600.
1972 Seymour Cray leaves CDC to found Cray Research, Inc.
1974 Cyber 70 family
1976 CDC Star-100 vector computer, first delivered to Lawrence Livermore Lab. Thornton is lead designer.
1978 Cyber 170 family
1980 Cyber 200 family, improved versions of the STAR-100
1982 Cyber 180 family, 64-bit virtual memory family, with 60-bit real
memory (6000, 70, 170) compatibility mode
1987 ETA-10, successor to Cyber 200 family. Neil Lincoln chief designer.
on ETA systems
on the ETA closing
Cyber 17/18/1700 minicomuters
Advanced Flexible Processor, CyberPlus VLIW machines
A table of CDC mainframe machines may be found here
More on CDC and ETA on CDC/ETA and
on CDC including